作者 Sean O’Sullivan
The red carpet; glamorous dresses; A-list celebrities! The Oscars are the oldest and most prestigious movie awards in Hollywood, dating back almost 90 years. There have been many changes to the awards over the years, and many surprises as well, but here are some facts that you may not have known.
奧斯卡金像獎獎項及名單是由美國影藝學院遴選，學院由逾6,000名電影界的專業或資深人士組成，負責評選奧斯卡提名名單和獲獎名單。傑克尼克遜（Jack Nicholson）和梅麗史翠普（Meryl Streep）是奧斯卡史上獲提名次數最多的演員，分別獲12次及19次提名。然而，從未有人在演員獎項能獲獎超過四次，也有人雖屢獲提名卻也屢屢摃龜。例如，李奧納多迪卡皮歐（Leonardo DiCaprio） 今年已是第五次得到金像獎最佳演員提名，卻還在苦等他的第一個金像獎入袋。
The awards are decided by The Academy, a group of about 6000 film industry professionals, who choose both the nominations and winners. Jack Nicholson and Meryl Streep are the most nominated actors in history, with 12 and 19 total nominations, respectively. However, no one individual has ever won more than 4 awards for acting, and some people are nominated again and again without winning. For instance, Leonardo DiCaprio received his 5th acting nomination this year, but is still waiting for his first triumph!
Regardless of who wins, the award results are one of the best kept secrets in the world. The winners are known by only two people before the show, and they both have to memorize the entire list of 24 categories. If something goes wrong during the announcement, or the winning envelope gets lost, these two individuals can step on stage and ensure that the show goes on （although this has never happened!）. The intense secrecy of the results means there has never been a leak, and the whole world must wait until the official ceremony to know who will be recognized.
The glamour is a big part of the Oscars, but this was not always the case. The first ceremony in 1929 was a private dinner party in a hotel for about 270 people. In contrast, nearly 90 million people watched the show in 1998, the highest number for any ceremony. The fashion is also a big part of why people like to tune in. According to one Hollywood stylist, the average cost of an Oscar night gown is $15,000 U.S. dollars! And in most cases, the dresses are only worn once!